How do IoT and embedded systems work together?

You often need to use an embedded system or a device where the power consumption is deficient and needs to work for long hours. You can connect your IoT solutions devices to share data and make them work as one.

IoT is all about collecting, analyzing, and acting on data. Embedded systems are the machines that are at the center of IoT.

IoT solutions can be implemented using embedded systems:

Different roles

IoT is a big topic, but one thing that’s often overlooked is how embedded systems work together. It’s not so much about technology as it is about human behavior.

Embedded systems are machines at the center of the IoT platforms—the ones that collect and analyze data from sensors and actuate actuators to perform some action (e.g., opening doors). It can be anything from controlling lights to turning on sprinklers in your backyard garden when you turn on your watering system app on your smartphone after midnight on Halloween night (which we all know happens).

Interface with sensors

In IoT solutions, sensors are the eyes and ears of your embedded system. They can be analog or digital, connected to the system using wired or wireless communication methods.

Control actuators to perform some action

Actuators are physical devices that take action in response to commands from embedded systems. They can be motors, valves, and other electromechanical devices and software controlled.

Communication with the external world

Communication with the external world is a critical part of embedded systems. It can be in the form of wired or wireless communication, and it can occur via different types of communication mediums, including:

  • Cellular (1G/2G/3G)
  • Satellite (L-band)
  • Radio (FM and 2.4GHz)

Design considerations for embedded systems in IoT

  • Low power and energy efficiency: This is simple but essential. A device that consumes 100% of its battery life in one day will have less than half the battery life after two weeks of operation using IoT solutions.
  • Battery life management: There are many different ways to manage battery life; some are more efficient than others depending on how they work together with other features like CPU frequency scaling or wake-up time settings which we will discuss later in this section under “Power Management.” However, if you want something simple, keep track of remaining charge levels within each component so that when they drop below certain levels, notify users about which component needs replacing before proceeding with any further operation until replaced and fully charged again before resuming regular operation once again!

Low power and energy efficiency

Low power and energy efficiency is a critical requirement for IoT solutions. Devices should be designed to run on batteries, which can be charged through various means, such as solar panels or wind turbines. Energy efficiency is achieved by using low-power processors, sensors, and peripherals.

Battery life management

Battery life management is an essential aspect of embedded systems design. It’s about optimizing your device’s power consumption and reducing it as much as possible while still maintaining its functionality.

The goal here is to find the optimal balance between battery life and performance—making sure you don’t sacrifice one for the other.

Securing devices and networks

The most critical aspect of securing an IoT platform is to make sure that it doesn’t contain any malicious code or malware. This can be done by ensuring that there are no backdoors in your OS and that all software is up-to-date with the latest patches. You should also check for any vulnerabilities in your hardware, which will allow hackers to gain access to your network if they find one!

Data size optimization

The size of the IoT platform’s data that you send and receive will be limited by the number of bytes in your message. If you have a small payload, then it’s possible to compress your data using algorithms such as zlib or gzip. It should help save on bandwidth costs while also reducing transfer times from multiple devices on one network connection (e.g., mobile phones).

Network connectedness – ICN and 6LoWPAN

In this part, we will discuss two protocols that can be used to connect embedded systems in IoT: ICN and 6LoWPAN.

ICN is a new protocol that is being developed specifically for IoT solutions. It uses UDP as its transport layer but also supports other protocols like HTTP/TCP or UDP-Lite. The goal of ICN is to enable multiple nodes on the same network to communicate with each other without requiring any centralized control or management of information flow between them. This allows devices such as sensors and actuators within an autonomous vehicle fleet (AFV) to freely exchange information without relying on any centralized server infrastructure — which means there’s no need for expensive servers when using these technologies!


Embedded systems and IoT solutions are two sides of the same coin, and data is the currency of both. Embedded systems are machines that power IoT platforms, while embedded systems also have a role in IoT solutions.


IoT is just a piece of the puzzle. Embedded systems are a big part of IoT solutions and must be programmed, integrated, and tested in a specific way to ensure they can perform their tasks correctly. We also need an intuitive user interface that allows us to interact with our devices as efficiently as possible – both of these are essential considerations when designing embedded systems for consumer products like smartphones or wearables (both categories we will discuss later in this course).

The possibilities for connecting the world around us are limitless. It is a matter of awareness, expense, and complexity. Akenza’s experts are certain that by considerably lowering businesses’ work and complexity while developing IoT solutions, we can lead the Internet of Things progression into the broad market application.

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